Quick facts about Quebec
Quebec is the second-largest Canadian province / territory by total area (1,542,056 sq. km).
Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital.
The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows", originally referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap.
In Quebec, there are four seasons. Spring lasts from mid-March to mid-June; summer lasts from mid-June to mid-September; fall follows summer from mid-September to mid-December and winter comes after from mid-December to mid-March. The average temperatures in the summer are about 15° C to 26° C in Montréal, but from 5° C to 17 ° C in Kuujjuaq in Nunavik. In the winter, they go from -5° C to -12° C in Montréal, while in Kuujjuaq, they are about -19 C to -28° C. Make sure you bring warm clothes when you visit Quebec in the winter, whatever the region you choose to visit. Winds can also change the temperatures greatly, making it cooler in the summer and colder in the winter. The best option is to always carry warm clothes with you, even in the summer. Make sure you also carry a warmer sweater, especially in the spring and fall, since once the evening comes, the temperatures are colder.
The currency used in Quebec is the Canadian dollar. It is divided into 100 cents. Canadian money is available in 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar bills and in coins of 5, 10 and 25 cents, as well as in 1 and 2 dollar coins. You can change your money in most of the banks (be careful because they have reduced opening hours), as well as in the currency exchange bureaus in major hotels, in airports and in some of the larger cities.
Quebec is well served by an extensive public transportation system. Two international airports, in Montréal and in Québec city, allow visitors to enter the province. Smaller airports serve the other regions. You can also travel to most of the regions by train, which is a great means of transportation, since it lets you the pleasure to rest, eat, or read while travelling. A great network of busses drives people between the main cities of the province and allows you to travel safely.
To travel inside the cities without having to worry, choose public transportation. Every city has a public transportation network. It normally costs between $2 and $3 for a ticket that will allow you to take more than one bus to get to your destination.
Montréal is the largest city in Canada's Québec province. It’s set on an island in the Saint Lawrence River and named after Mt. Royal, the triple-peaked hill at its heart. Its boroughs, many of which were once independent cities, include neighbourhoods ranging from cobblestoned, French colonial Vieux-Montréal – with the Gothic Revival Notre-Dame Basilica at its centre – to bohemian Plateau.
Quebec City, like most of the province of Quebec, is a predominantly French-speaking city. It is also known for its architecture, European feel, and various annual festivals. One of the most popular is the Winter Carnival which has skiing, ice sculptures, and an ice castle,
Sharing many characteristics with the French culture—particularly the predominance of the French language. They are known for their “joie de vivre,” colourful French accents, culinary traditions, and the warm welcome they extend to visitors.
- Old Montreal (Vieux-Montréal)
- Montreal Botanical Gardens (Jardin Botanique Montreal)
- Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Musée des Beaux-Arts)
- Parc du Mont-Royal
- Jean Talon Market
- St. Joseph's Oratory (Oratoire Saint-Joseph)
- Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal (Basilique Notre-Dame de Montreal)
- Observation Deck Au Sommet Place Ville Marie
- Visit Montreal's Underground City
- Old Québec (Vieux-Québec) Free.
- Montmorency Falls Park (Parc de la Chute-Montmorency)
- The Citadel (La Citadelle)
- Pouding Chômeur
- Smoked Meat (viande fumée)
- Maple Baked Beans (Fèves au lard)
- Pea Soup (soupe aux pois)
Even though the majority of the province is francophone (French speaking), English is widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas.
Hockey is the national sport of Canada - the National Hockey League. The Canadians are the longest operating professional ice hockey team, founded in 1909. They have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other club, with 24 wins. The regular season starts in October and ends in April. The teams that are in the running for the Stanley Cup play from mid April to the beginning of June. You can catch a home game at Bell CentreMajor Soccer League - MLS
Montreal Impact is a relatively new soccer team in the MSL, but won the Canadian Championships in 2013 and 2014. Montreal Impact’s biggest rival is Toronto FC. Believe it or not, the FC stands for football club. The regular soccer season starts in March and ends in October. You can catch one of their home games at Saputo Stadium.Canadian Football League – CFL
Canadian Football is similar to American Football, with a few key rules differences (e.g. The field in Canada is bigger and there are only 3 downs, instead of 4).Montreal Alouettes
The Montreal Alouettes compete in the East Division of the CFL. The Alouettes last won the Grey Cup championship in 2010 and have a won a total of seven times. The regular football season starts in July and ends in November. You can catch a home game at the Percival Molson Memorial Stadium.